5 Create Test Accounts

This section provides guidance on how to create an account name using a public key.

About an account

An account is a collection of authorizations stored on the blockchain and used to identify a sender/recipient. It has a flexible authorization structure that enables it to be owned either by an individual or by group of individuals depending on how permissions have been configured. An account is required to send or receive a valid transaction to the blockchain.

This tutorial series uses two "user" accounts, bob and alice, as well as the default cyberway account for configuration. Additionally accounts are made for various contracts throughout this tutorial series.

Create Test Accounts

Public Key Persistence In section Create Development Wallet, you created a development key pair and pasted the public key in the Development Public Key field for the value to persist throughout the tutorial.

In the following steps, if you see YOUR_PUBLIC_KEY instead of the public key value, you can either go back to section Create Development Wallet and persist the value or replace YOUR_PUBLIC_KEY with the public key value manually.

Throughout these tutorials the accounts bob and alice are used. Create two accounts using cleos create account:

cleos create account cyberway bob YOUR_PUBLIC_KEY
cleos create account cyberway alice YOUR_PUBLIC_KEY

For each command that confirms that the transaction has been broadcast, you should see a confirmation message similar to the following:

executed transaction: 40c605006de... 200 bytes 153 us
# cyberway <= cyberway::newaccount {"creator":"cyberway","name":"alice","owner":{"threshold":1,"keys":[{"key":"EOS5rti4LTL53xptjgQBXv9HxyU...
warning: transaction executed locally, but may not be confirmed by the network yet ]

Public Key

Note in cleos command a public key is associated with account alice. Each CyberWay account is associated with a public key.

Be aware that the account name is the only identifier for ownership. You can change the public key but it would not change the ownership of your CyberWay account.

Check which public key is associated with alice using cleos get account:

cleos get account alice

You should see a message similar to the following:

permissions:
owner 1: 1 GLS6MRyAjQq8ud7h...HuGYqET5GDW5CV
active 1: 1 GLS6MRyAjQq8u...8BhtHuGYqET5GDW5CV
memory:
quota: unlimited used: 3.758 KiB
net bandwidth:
used: unlimited
available: unlimited
limit: unlimited
cpu bandwidth:
used: unlimited
available: unlimited
limit: unlimited

Notice that actually alice has both owner and active public keys. CyberWay has a unique authorization structure that has added security for your account. You can minimize the exposure of your account by keeping the owner key cold, while using the key associated with your active permission. This way, if your active key were ever compromised, you could regain control over your account with your owner key.

In term of authorization, if you have an owner permission you can change the private key of active permission. But you cannot do so other way around.

Using Different Keys for Active/Owner on a PRODUCTION Network In this tutorial we are using the same public key for both owner and active for simplicity. In production network, two different keys are strongly recommended.

Troubleshooting

If you get an error while creating the account, make sure your wallet is unlocked:

cleos wallet list

You should see an asterisk (*) next to the wallet name like this one:

Wallets:
[
"default *"
]